The rights under CRC
The rights in the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), set out in 54 articles, can be classified into 4 different groups.
1. Survival rights
This covers the right to life and the right to the highest standard of health and medical care attainable. This also include the right to adequate food, shelter, clean water and primary health care.
Survival rights and development rights not only require the existence of the means to fulfill the rights but also the means to provide access to these rights.
2. Development rights
These rights include all forms of education, both formal and informal, the right to a standard of living which is adequate for the child’s physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development such as leisure, recreation and cultural activities
Development rights addresses the needs of child refugees, children with disabilities and children of minority and indigenous groups.
3. Protection rights
These rights cover protection from discrimination, from abuse and neglect, protection for children without families and protection for refugee children including right to special protection in times of war and protection from abuse in the criminal justice system.
4. Participation rights
These rights cover the right of a child to express
her/his views in all matters affecting the child in keeping with his
or her evolving capacities, the right to information and freedom of
association, provided with direction and guidance.
Getting children involved
in these rights, as they mature, will help them understand about
the realization of all their rights.
Why are these rights important?
These categories are not mutually exclusive and some rights may fit
into more than one category.
These rights are
important because we need to teach children of their rights as well
as their responsibility towards their rights, according to their age