COMMENT The Federal Government, after announcing that the lain-lain (others) category would be done away with in official forms in Borneo, has since placed the onus on the Sabah Government to define the Anak Negeri Sabah (Sabah Native) and Bumiputera Sabah terms for gazetting purposes. These two categories along with Bukan-Bumiputera (not Bumiputera) replace the lain-lain category in official forms.
Putrajaya, in taking a leaf from officialdom in the peninsula on the Bumiputera category, appears to have stirred a hornet’s nest in
It must be pointed out that it was the Federal Government that came up with the three categories to replace the lain-lain category in
Only the larger Dusunic Grouping and the Murutic Grouping in
“The Cabinet will wait for the gazetting before the new forms can be used,” said Energy, Green Technology and Water Minister Maximus Jonity Ongkili (see pix), also Joint Chairman of the Cabinet Committee which studied the possibility of doing away with the lain-lain category in official forms used in Sabah and
Sarawak Opposition Chief Baru Bian, a senior lawyer in private practice and Ba’Kelalan Assemblyman, however feels that the Federal Constitution should include the term Dayak which covers all Orang Asal (original people) in Borneo including Sabah and
Baru also called for the Federal Constitution to be amended in line with the Sarawak Constitution which has dropped older terms like Land Dayak, Sea Dayak and Murut and replaced them with Bidayuh, Iban and Lun Bawang.
Besides Land Dayak, Sea Dayak and Murut, the Federal Constitution defines Sarawak Natives as Bukitan, Bisayah, Dusun, Kadayan, Kalabit, Kayan, Kenyah (including Sabups and Sipengs), Kajang (including Sekapan and Kejaman, Lahanan, Punan, Tanjong and Kanowit), Lugat, Lisum, Malay, Melanau, Penan, Sian, Tagal, Tabun and Ukit.
Bisayah, Dusun and the Kun Bawang can also be found in
In the peninsula, Muslim migrants from Sulawesi, Java,
Article 160 (Interpretation) in the Federal Constitution which defines Malay, does not refer to them as Orang Asal (original people), indigenous, aborigine, Native or Bumiputera.
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Picture Credit: KeTTHA